Photonics is a field on the border of science and technology, allowing man to manage light. It has been around since the invention of the laser in the mid-twentieth century, and then the optical fiber. Photonic solutions are increasingly replacing electronic ones and finding more and more applications. This is because photonics, like electronics, is a horizontal technology that develops traditional industrial sectors. The dynamic growth of the global photonic market in recent years, as well as the still unused enormous opportunities, make photonics a technology of the 21st century. Importantly, photonic technologies also exist in Poland which has significant implementation potential - especially in the field of optical fiber photonics. The cradle of Polish optical fibers is Lublin, where research on optical fiber technologies has been conducted since the end of the 1970s. Scientists from the Maria-Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin were pioneers not only in our country - they created one of the first research teams dealing with optical fibers in Europe.